Ethicists are afraid that a subordinate class of humans will be created as tissue and organ donors. They are afraid that the rights of these clones will be violated. These fears are outrageous and ridiculous. These ethicists have been the victims of misconception. Cloned humans could no more be “harvested” for their organs than people can be today.
Another ethical dilemma is the psychological well-being of the cloned child. People wonder what kind of a relationship a cloned child will have with his/her parent that is physically identical. They are curious of how the child will deal with the pressure of constantly being compared to an esteemed or beloved person who has already lived. We need to remember that the single most important factor affecting the quality of a child’s life is the love and devotion he/she receives from parents, not the methods or circumstances of the person’s birth. Since children produced by cloning will probably be extremely wanted children, there is no reason to think that with good counselling support for their parents they will not experience the love and care they deserve. What will life be like for the first generation of cloned children? Being at the center of scientific and popular attention will not be easy for them. They and their parents will also have to negotiate the worrisome problems created by genetic identity and unavoidable expectations. However, there may also be some novel satisfactions. As cross-generational twins, a cloned child and his/her parent may experience some of the unique intimacy now shared by sibling twins.
Animal research will eventually indicate that human cloning can be done at no greater physical risk to the child than IVF posed when it was first introduced. It would be better if such research would be done openly in the U.S., Canada, Europe or Japan. Established government agencies could provide careful oversight of the implications of the studies for human subjects. The most probable way that it will happen will be, if not yet already, in a clandestine fashion. A couple desperate for a child will put their hopes in the hands of a researcher seeking fame. Advanced Cell Technologies(ACT) has already created the first human embryo. They took DNA from a man’s leg and injected it into a cow’s egg with its nucleus removed. There has also been reports of similar work in South Korea. Someone is going to clone a human with or without government assistance. It would be beneficial if our federal government regulated such experiments, rather than outlaw them. Outlawing something will not necessarily stop it from happening. Regulating human cloning will allow our federal government to closely overlook experiments pertaining to human cloning.
The federal government should regulate human cloning. Banning it would deprive many beneficial treatments from people who need it. I have mentioned only a few of cloning technology’s significant benefits. Cloning technology can lead to a better understanding of cell differentiation. This would allow biologist to produce tissues and organs for transplant. Cloning can help carriers of genetic defects to have healthy children. It can even help to completely eradicate genetic mutations and defects. Treatment of infertility is one of its most promising benefits. Cloning technology can help infertile people to have their own children, one of life’s most powerful biological drives. Besides, ethical implications involved in human cloning are only temporary. They are induced by misconception. Education will change people’s negative attitude towards human cloning. If we give human cloning a chance, it will most likely become a part of our daily lives.