Liberty, Identity, and Human Cloning

More notes and references:   .  See HEYD, supra note 127, at 160-62, 168-77 (characterizing the formation of identity as a dynamic process crucially tied to both biological and social factors).      .  JONAS, supra note 77, at 161 (emphasis added).      .  Id.      .  Id. at 162 (emphasis in original).  Note that Joel Feinberg uses the … Read moreLiberty, Identity, and Human Cloning

Liberty, Identity, and Human Cloning

by John A. Robertson (continued) More notes and references:   .  See NBAC CLONING REPORT, supra note 3, at 28-29 (predicting that research on cell differentiation will lead to the development of treatments for human disease).      .  See id. at 29 (contending that animal models will reveal which techniques are widely applicable and which require further development … Read moreLiberty, Identity, and Human Cloning

Liberty, Identity, and Human Cloning

by John A. Robertson (continued) VII. Conclusion Cloning and assisted reproductive technology force us to think deeply about the meaning of genes, identity, reproduction, parenting, children, and our connection with family and nature.  Such issues come to us structured as problems of liberal decisionmaking.  Is fundamental reproductive liberty involved?  Do the harms justify intruding on those liberties?  … Read moreLiberty, Identity, and Human Cloning

Liberty, Identity, and Human Cloning

by John A. Robertson (continued) a.  Cloning one’s child.-The kinship problem is not salient in all cloning situations.  A couple’s use of their embryo’s or an existing child’s DNA to have another child raises no issue of kinship between rearing parents and child, for the child is clearly their genetic child.  If the wife provides the egg … Read moreLiberty, Identity, and Human Cloning

Liberty, Identity, and Human Cloning

by John A. Robertson  (continued) Oddly, proponents of this view do not view identical twins as lacking individuality even though they have the same genome (including mitochondrial DNA).  In fact, some twins have a sense of unity or nonseparateness that does not resolve itself into separate identities until later in childhood.  Usually, however, we think of identical … Read moreLiberty, Identity, and Human Cloning

Liberty, Identity, and Human Cloning

by John A. Robertson (continued) A. The Problem of Wrongful Life Most of the harms said to flow from human cloning focus on the welfare of children who are given the same DNA as another individual. Whether the feared harm is physical safety, individuality, autonomy, instrumentalization, or threats to lineage, all are claims that the child who … Read moreLiberty, Identity, and Human Cloning

Liberty, Identity, and Human Cloning

by John A. Robertson(“Liberty, Identity, and Human Cloning,” Texas Law Review 76: 1371 (1998) is reproduced here with the permission of the Texas Law Journal as obtained by the author, John Robertson.) I. Introduction The announcement in February 1997 of the birth of Dolly, the sheep cloned from the mammary cells of an adult ewe, was a turning … Read moreLiberty, Identity, and Human Cloning